Building a GraphQL Backend with .NET 6

GraphQL’s versatility and effective data querying features have helped it gain popularity in recent years. Since.NET 6 was released, developers have even more resources at their disposal to create scalable and reliable apps. This tutorial will walk you through the process of using.NET 6 to create a GraphQL backend, with examples and step-by-step instructions.

Configuring the Scene
First, make sure your computer is running the.NET 6 SDK. Use the dotnet —version command in your terminal or command prompt to verify the installation.

Next, use the command line to start a new.NET 6 project.

dotnet new web -n GraphQLDotNet6Example

This command creates a new web project named “GraphQLDotNet6Example.”

Adding Required Packages

To enable GraphQL capabilities in our project, we need to add the necessary packages. Run the following commands in your project directory.

dotnet add package HotChocolate.AspNetCore
dotnet add package HotChocolate.AspNetCore.Playground

These packages provide the essential tools for integrating GraphQL into your .NET 6 application.

Creating GraphQL Schema and Resolvers

Let’s define a simple GraphQL schema and corresponding resolvers to demonstrate the functionality. Create a new folder named “GraphQL” and add a file named “Schema.cs” within it.

using HotChocolate;

namespace GraphQLDotNet6Example.GraphQL
    public class Query
        public string GetHello() => "Hello, GraphQL in .NET 6!";

    public class QueryType : ObjectType<Query>
        protected override void Configure(IObjectTypeDescriptor<Query> descriptor)
            descriptor.Field(q => q.GetHello()).Type<StringType>().Name("hello");

    public class Schema : GraphQL.Types.Schema
        public Schema(QueryType query)
            : base(new FuncServiceProvider(t => Activator.CreateInstance(t))
                {typeof(QueryType), query}
            Query = query;

This code snippet creates a simple GraphQL schema with a single query field returning a “Hello” message.

Configuring GraphQL Middleware

In the Startup.cs file, configure the GraphQL middleware.

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Builder;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Hosting;
using Microsoft.Extensions.DependencyInjection;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Hosting;
using GraphQLDotNet6Example.GraphQL;

namespace GraphQLDotNet6Example
    public class Startup
        //...other configurations

        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
            //...other services

            services.AddSingleton<Schema>(sp =>
                new Schema(sp.GetRequiredService<QueryType>()));


        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app, IWebHostEnvironment env)
            //...other middleware configurations

            app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>

Running the Application

Finally, start your application by running.

dotnet run

Open your browser and navigate to https://localhost:5001/playground to access the GraphQL playground. Here, you can interact with your GraphQL API by writing queries and exploring the schema.


Building APIs with flexible data querying capabilities is an essential part of modern web development. With the help of GraphQL, one can achieve this effectively. If you are interested in building a GraphQL backend using .NET 6, HotChocolate is the way to go. This guide will help you understand the fundamental concepts of setting up a basic GraphQL server in a .NET 6 application.

You can experiment with and expand the capabilities of GraphQL to tailor it to your project’s specific requirements. So, get ready to leverage the power of GraphQL and build APIs that meet your needs!

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